Bai is a chemist and nanotechnology scientist. He is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He serves as the first president of The Alliance of International Science Organizations and co-chairman of the China Association for Science and Technology, as well as the honorary president of the University of Science and Technology of China and the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. A member of the 19th CPC Central Committee, he is a member of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress.
Awards and honors:
Academician of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World, TWAS; Honorary fellow of The Royal Society; International member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; Honorary fellow of the European Academy of Sciences; Honorary fellow of the Russian Academy of Sciences